Approaching junctions to turn left or right 



Approaching junctions to turn left

To do so you should follow the M-S-M routine


Mirrors - Checking the interior first will give best view of  traffic and an idea of their speed.
Check left/nearside mirror next to be aware of any traffic that maybe about to pass on the left as you slow down
to take turn, mainly cyclists/motorbikes.

Signal -Signal in good time but not too early which may confuse other road users (they may think you are pulling up on the left).

Position - There would be no need to change from your normal driving position unless there are obstructions (parked cars) or if you're turning into a narrow road or entrance. For a sharp turn you would need to move closer to the centre of the road.

Speed - Slow down enough to take turn safely - most turns would be taken at approximately 10 mph (second gear should be selected for this speed). Bring clutch pedal up to avoid coasting to maintain control.

Look - Check into new road to assess how clear the junction is. Look out for parked cars, pedestrians who could easily be crossing the road. Be aware of any cyclists who may try passing you on the left. Pedestrians who have stepped onto the road have priority so be prepared to stop and allow them to cross if necessary!

PEDESTRIANS - Look out for pedestrians and parked cars.

TIMING OF SIGNAL - If you are turning into the second side road do not signal until passing the first junction..

Approaching junctions to turn right


Oncoming traffic will have priority - you must not cut across them if to do so would cause them to change speed or direction. If you can walk across then you can drive across

Stopping Position

Position just before your point of turn when you need to stop for oncoming traffic or if the road you intend on turning into is blocked - this will make it easier to turn in the correct position. Positioning to the centre of the road will often leave enough room for cars to pass on your left as well as confirm your intentions to turn. Do not cut the corner.

Flashing Lights

Be prepared for the possibility of the other driver beckoning you on, most likely by flashing their headlights or waving you on. You must make sure it is safe to turn and they are beckoning you on and nobody else, especially where there are vehicles emerging onto the main road who they may be intended for.

Mirrors - Interior first will give best view of approaching traffic and an idea of their speed. Check right mirror next to be aware of any vehicles that may be overtaking.

Signal - Signal in good time to warn other road users of your intentions - you will be affecting people more due to needing to change position before turn and you may need to stop.

Position - Move over to the centre of the road where possible - this will not only confirm your intentions to turn right but on many roads will leave enough room for following traffic to pass on the left.

Speed - Slow down enough to take turn safely or to stop smoothly if it's not clear to go due to oncoming traffic or if the road you're entering is blocked.


Look out for oncoming traffic as they have priority, check into road your entering to see if clear -possibly pedestrians may be crossing / the road maybe blocked due to parked cars with emerging traffic.

Equal Priority


Try to gain eye contact with the other driver when possible in order to help judge their intentions.

At some junction an extra lane is provided with hatched markings  to protect traffic turning right , try to avoid going into the hatch markings unless it is necessary If the hatch markings are bordered with a solid white line you are only allowed to enter the hatched area in an emergency


At some left and right turns the junction is shaped like a letter Y , you will usually do these at a higher speed and gear









more information on road signs click


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