This will mainly be when you are leaving a minor road to join a main road to turn left, right or possibly needing to cross a main road to follow the road ahead (at crossroads). Where the junction is not light controlled you will have either "Give Way" markings or a "Stop" sign. Warning signs - Look out for advance warning signs


Where there is a give way sign you must give way to traffic on the main road, if on approach you can clearly see it is safe to emerge then you can do so without stopping. (If in doubt, don't pull out!)

Where there is a "Stop" sign you must stop at the line.

Emerging at T-Junctions

Mirrors .  Signal Left or right

Position - For a standard left keep to the left (follow kerb around to the left) If turning right position to the centre of the road

Speed - Approach slowly enough to allow you to stop smoothly if it's not clear to go. If the give way is open enough that you can see early on the approach that it is safe to emerge, generally approach in 2nd gear. You will find that most T-junctions need to be approached very slowly to allow you enough time to check properly when clear to emerge, therefore you should select first gear. You must stop where a junction has a Stop sign

Look - Look out for pedestrians who may be wanting to cross, check on the main road to your right - to your left and back again to your right to double check it's clear (look out for parked cars which may move off as you emerge, cyclists and motorcyclists can be hard to spot if you fail to check properly). Keep re-assessing both ways if busy

Joining new road safely Observations - To emerge safely you must do so where any traffic including cyclists are not forced to change speed or direction because of your actions. Be aware of any pedestrians crossing the road.

Flashing headlights - If a driver flashes their headlights this may be an indication that they are willing to allow you to pull out, however the true meaning of flashing lights is 'a warning of presence' make sure that they are not intended for someone else.

Once you have joined new road - Check your mirrors and make progress by building up your speed suitable for the road and the conditions.

Obstructions on main road - If you emerge onto a road that has obstructions (parked cars) then you may need to creep forward to improve your view. Lean forward in your seat and have your clutch just at or close to the biting point to control your speed. Be extra mindful of pedestrians crossing the road from behind the parked cars.

Emerging out of a one-way street - Try to get in the correct lane early for the exit you wish to take. Keep to the left for turning left and move over to the right for turning right

Emerging at junctions where there are parked cars

Position - Position where there will be enough room for traffic turning into the road you are leaving. Try not to get unnecessarily close to parked cars (obstructions). You may need to approach more slowly.

Emerging out of narrow roads -

Keeping to the left may lead to the back wheels running over kerb. It is also possible you may swing out too much in new road.

Move over further to the centre of the road you are leaving. Steer left just before the Give Way / Stop lines to help avoid swinging out too wide.

Emerging at crossroads Working out priority

 Traffic on the main road will have priority as usual. The easiest way of working out priority over traffic opposite is to think of yourself when driving on a main road you have priority for the direction you are taking until cutting across traffic's path (turning right you need to give way to oncoming traffic). Therefore you should give way to traffic opposite when turning right as you will be cutting across their path.



 Mirrors Signal ? No signal confirms you intend to go straight ahead

Manoeuvre = position-speed-look

When going ahead face car to the left of the road you are entering (if the crossroads are not staggered then your position should stay the same)

Speed Slow down enough to check all roads. If in doubt don't pull out. Look - Look right then left, back to your right & straight ahead

Traffic on the main road has priority as usual - check ahead for emerging traffic and to see if it is clear to enter (pedestrians etc)

Parked cars (obstructions)


Parked cars (obstructions) may block your view of approaching traffic on the main road which has priority over you. Drivers emerging opposite (blue car) could have a clear view so be aware that they may pull out before you even when you have priority! Where possible you should try to get eye contact with the driver on the opposite side of the crossroads to try to work out their intentions.

Equal priority! Where both you and the driver opposite intend on turning right no-one can assume priority as you are both doing the same thing. You need to work out the safest way of emerging. If you emerge onto the main road at the same time your options are to emerge nearside to nearside or offside to offside

Box junctions

Yellow criss-cross lines mark a box junction. The purpose is to keep the junction clear by preventing traffic from stopping in the path of crossing traffic. You must not enter a box junction unless your exit road is clear. When turning right it is ok to enter the box when you are only prevented from turning by oncoming traffic                                                                      





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